Growing Vegetables
What to plant – Part 1

Green beans, carrots, and lettuce


Small space gardening includes growing vegetables of all kinds.  If the vegetable can be grown in a traditional garden, it can probably be grown in a small space garden, including a container garden.  Why not give it a try with some of your favorite vegetables?

Below you will find some basic information relating to some of the more popular vegetables:

Green Beans

  • A popular warm-season, home vegetable garden crop.
  • Best grown in well drained soil and plenty of sunlight.
  • Plant in the spring after the danger of frost has passed.
  • Harvest green beans when they are about the size of a pencil.
  • Green beans are a fair source of vitamins A and C if cooked for a short period of time in boiling water.


  • A cool-season biennial grown for its thickened root.
  • While usually planted in early spring, midsummer plantings that mature quickly in the cool fall can produce the smaller and more tender “baby” carrot.
  • Carrots are rich in beta carotene (a source of vitamin A) and high in fiber and sugar content. Beta carotene is a powerful antioxidant effective in fighting against some forms of cancer, especially lung cancer.
  • Carrots should be planted in sandy soil that allows for root development and penetration.
  • Plant carrot seeds in rows ¼ to ½ inch deep but no more than 3 seeds per inch.
  • Germination can take up to 2 weeks and if the soil surface becomes packed they may not emerge at all.
  • Carrots can be harvested when the roots are at least ½ inch in diameter.


  • A cool-weather vegetable that should be planted early spring or late summer.
  • Leaf lettuce is the most adapted of the five types of lettuce when growing vegetables in the home garden.
  • Leaf lettuce is the most widely planted salad vegetable.
  • Plant seeds ¼ to ½ inch deep (10 seeds per foot). Thin leaf lettuce seedlings to 4 inches apart. An added benefit is that the seedlings you remove can either be transplanted or can be eaten.
  • Harvest whenever it is large enough to use.
  • The most important nutrients of lettuce are vitamin A and potassium. Iceberg lettuce has the least nutritional value of all lettuce type. Its primary nutrient is water. The spine and ribs of leaf lettuce provide dietary fiber while the leaves contain various vitamins and minerals.

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