Growing Vegetables
What to plant – Part 2


Radishes, onions, and beets

 
Small space gardening includes growing vegetables of all kinds. If the vegetable can be grown in a traditional garden, it can probably be grown in a small space garden, including a container garden.

Below you will find some basic information, including planting and harvesting tips, relating to some of the more popular vegetables:

Radishes

  • Another cool-weather vegetable crop that does not do well in the summer heat.
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  • Grown for the root, they are usually eaten raw or in salads. They make a colorful addition to any salad.
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  • Like carrots, they need loose well drained soil for root expansion.
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  • Plant seeds ½ inch deep and 1 inch apart in rows.
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  • Radishes are well suited for container gardening.
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  • Harvest when they are young and tender. When sliced, the center of the radish should show no signs of cracks.

Onions

  • Onions are yet another cool-season crop and actually can thrive in temperatures somewhat below freezing..
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  • In the home garden onions are usually planted from small bulbs called sets. However, they can also be grown from seed or from transplants.
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  • Plant sets or transplants about ¾ inch deep and approximately 3 inches apart.
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  • Fertilize the planting soil with 2 – 3 pounds of 10-10-10 (10% Nitrogen, 10% Phosphate, and 10% Potash) fertilizer per 100 square feet or approximately 3 – 5 ounces per 10 square feet.
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  • Add additional fertilizer when plants have 5-6 leaves. Scatter the fertilizer evenly and water thoroughly.
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  • Green onions can be harvested when they are pencil size and up to the point where they start forming bulbs.
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  • Dry bulb onions are ready to harvest when their main stems get weak and begin to fall over.

Beets

  • Beets will grow in almost any climate. If you live in an area with hot summers, you should strive for fall, winter or spring crops.
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  • Beets require light, well-drained soil with little or no fresh fertilizer.
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  • Seeds should be planted between ½ and 1 inch deep and plants thinned to approximately 2 – 3 inches apart.
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  • Harvest early beets when they are approximately 1 ½ to 2 inches in diameter by pulling the root from the ground. Late beets can be allowed to approach 3 inches and beets that you plan to store can be left in the ground until just before the first killing frost.
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  • When removing the tops from harvested beets, leave a couple of inches attached to the root.
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  • The red garden beet contains nutrients compounds which help protect against heart disease, birth defects and certain cancers, especially colon cancer.

 

Growing vegetables in your home garden will provide not only a great way to enjoy the outdoors but also a healthier diet.

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